Asia most affected by climate disaster: UN report

Last Updated on April 24, 2024 7:09 am

The Asian continent was hit by the most natural disasters last year due to climate in the world. Most of the human casualties and economic losses in these countries are due to floods and storms.

On Tuesday, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) released a report titled The State of the Climate in Asia 2023. It found that Asian countries are warming faster than the global average. In 2023 alone, the continent will warm by about 2 degrees Celsius above the average temperature from 1961 to 1990.

At the time of the publication of this report by the United Nations organization, different weather conditions are seen in Asian countries. Some countries including Bangladesh, India are affected by the heat wave. Again, floods have occurred in China-Pakistan with extreme rains.

In China’s southern province of Guangdong, heavy rains have flooded areas ranging from cities. The government has evacuated about one lakh people to safe shelters. At least four people have died in the country.

The governments of Afghanistan and Pakistan have declared a state of emergency in some areas after heavy rains and flash floods killed at least 100 people last week.

Many countries in Asia experienced the hottest year on record in 2023, with many countries facing extreme conditions ranging from droughts, heat waves to floods and storms, WMO chief Celeste Saulo said in the statement. Climate change has increased the frequency and severity of such incidents, he said.

The agency said 79 disasters with water-related weather hazards were reported in Asia last year. About 80 percent of these are floods and storms. More than two thousand people have died. At least 9 million people have been affected. Floods were the main cause of death.

Most of the glaciers in Asia’s high mountain regions have lost significant mass due to record-breaking high temperatures and dry conditions, the report specifically noted. Rainfall in 2023 was below normal in the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush Mountains of Pakistan and Afghanistan.

The WMO report also said that the average temperature in Asia is increasing faster than the global average temperature increase. The highest average temperatures were recorded from Western Siberia to Central Asia. Also from East China to Japan.

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